6 ways to make your own TV antenna
DIY antenna is a good idea. You don’t have to spend money on the purchase of a finished product, and I don’t want to attract intruders with a beautiful plate or a solid radio installation.
If you have a private house or a summer cottage with a small garage, you can make a TV antenna yourself in just 20-30 minutes. TV is not only source of information, but also a special atmosphere of comfort and homeliness.
A TV antenna can have different shapes. For example, a copper wire with a diameter of 2-5 mm can be used to build an all-wave antenna in the form of two versatile elements. Such devices are frequency-independent, therefore they are very popular among summer residents. A CHNA device can be built in literally an hour and receive a good signal level far from television centers.
For this you will need:
- Enamelled copper wire;
- 2 metal structures in the form of an isosceles triangle;
- 2 wooden or plastic slats.
Instead of metal triangles, you can use elastic foil laminated plastic, from which you will need to cut triangles (or leave the triangular shape of the copper coating).
The antenna width and height must be identical. The blades are installed at right angles and fixed with a soldering iron. The cable of the ChNA antenna should be laid to the point of zero potential, which is located at the intersection of the cable with the vertical guide. over, it must be tied with a coupler, and not soldered.
The distance between adjacent wire strands should be 25-30 mm, and between the plates. no more than 10 mm. It is better to install the antenna structure inside a 150 cm window. The signal catcher in the form of two expanded elements, which you have just made yourself, will confidently receive all UHF and MV channels. If you live in an area with a poor signal level, it would be advisable to supplement such a device with an amplifier.
Materials and calculation
How and from what objects and materials can you make an antenna at home? Let’s take a look at the TOP 5 most interesting options:
- Powerful coaxial antenna;
- All-wave wire antenna;
- Eight or zigzag;
- Beer can antenna.
Copper or aluminum tube, rod or wire filament are excellent materials for making an antenna. They are pliable, bend well and keep their shape perfectly. You can use any conductive metal products: wires, corners, rods, strips, etc.
First of all, let’s define the antenna size. The length of the antenna cable (L) is calculated depending on the broadcast frequency. For the calculation, we need two values:
- Wave speed in vacuum ≈ 300 million m / s;
- F. receiving frequency (digital TV signal frequencies are usually in the range of 500-800 MHz).
If we take the frequency parameter in MHz, then the desired value of the wavelength will be in meters. The calculated parameter of the speed of light is 300. The wavelength in the cable can be calculated using a SIMple formula:
Calculation example: let digital broadcasting be conducted at an average frequency of 610.5 MHz. Then the average wavelength = 300 / 610.5 = 0.491 m. This is exactly the length of the antenna loop.
To receive a digital signal, it is not necessary to accurately calculate the wavelength, you can SIMply make the product design wider.
SIMple antenna for digital TV reception
Another useful type of home antenna for the dacha is the “butterfly”. This is a completely uncomplicated design, to create which you will need:
- Board or plywood about 60 cm long and 7 cm wide, thickness about 20 mm;
- Copper shielded wire with 4 mm conductor cross-section;
- Coaxial cable “RK-75”;
- Washers, screws, soldering iron.
Below we give a marking scheme, according to which you need to make the base of the butterfly antenna.
After that, prepare 8 pieces of copper wire, the length of each is 37.5 cm. Step back 17.75 cm and in the center of each piece remove 2 cm of the insulating layer. Give them a V-shape so that the ends of the elements are at a distance of 7.5 cm from each other (this shape is considered optimal for high-quality and clear TV signal reception).
The next step is to prepare two more wire elements about 22 cm long. Mark each element into 3 equal parts and strip the wire insulation between the resulting sections.
We need two more small pieces of wire in order to connect the antenna to the socket.
Now all that remains is to assemble all the prepared elements into a single structure and solder the cable to the plug.
That’s how easy you can make yourself an effective butterfly antenna for receiving digital TV broadcasting.
Manufacturing and location
Today, all television is served in digital format, the analogue will soon be completely abandoned. Old antennas practically do not function with DVB signals, so you need to create a decimeter antenna.
The transmission of digital TV in the DVB-T2 format is carried out in the UHF range, and since the signal is broadcast in digital, its reception will always be in good quality, or it SIMply cannot be caught, and there will be no signal at all. Interference, distortion or blurry picture. this is characteristic only of analog TV.
DVB (Digital Broadcasting) coding is insensitive to electromagnetic interference, however, with heavily polluted air, signal mismatch may occur in it, due to which the image may freeze or completely disintegrate. Therefore, it is more efficient to bring the antenna outside the house: outside the window, on the roof, on the balcony.
To reduce the amount of interference, a reflector (reflector) can be built behind the antenna. For the antenna structure, the SIMplest materials with a metallized tinting are suitable: foil, packaging for coffee or juice, a tin can, a CD, etc. In order for the reflector to have a narrowly directed action, the shape of the reflector can be made parabolic. Although this is more relevant for analog receivers, reflectors also help out with a weak digital signal.
And the last tip: experienced engineers recommend soldering all antenna connections, and not just twisting or screwing, as over time they will oxidize and affect the quality of reception. It is better to cover external antennas, made by hand, with paint, it will more reliably protect your structure from adverse weather factors.
Types of television antennas
A television antenna is a device specifically designed to receive broadcast television signals that are transmitted at frequencies from 41 to 250 MHz in the VHF band, and from 470 to 960 MHz in the UHF group.
There are two types of television antennas:
- Internal. located on top or next to the TV;
- Outdoor. installed on the roof or attic of the house.
Outdoor antennas are more difficult to manufacture and install, but such devices are necessary for adequate reception in peripheral areas remote from television stations.
Also antenna devices are divided into:
- Active ones, which are supplemented by an amplifier and require connection to an electrical power source;
- Passive, which amplify the signal only due to design features.
An outdoor TV antenna is a device with a high input power, it has a unidirectional radiation intensity, so its far end should always look at the broadcasting station.
According to the wavelengths that TV antennas can receive, they are divided into three groups:
- MV antennas. such devices receive very long meter waves, the size of which can be from 0.5 to 1.5 m;
- UHF antennas. these devices operate in the decimeter range, in which the wavelength is in the range from 15 to 40 cm. It is in this coverage that digital television (DTV) is served;
- Broadband antennas are a hybrid design in which both MV and UHF elements are installed. Such radio installations are used to receive digital and analogue broadcasts SIMultaneously.
The most commonly used design of an external teleantenna is based on a log-periodic dipole matrix. Such products are composed of several half-wave elements, consisting of metal rods. They act as resonators in which energy is stored by radio waves, which cause electrons to move and create stable waves of oscillatory voltage. An antenna can have a different number of rod elements: the more, the higher its gain.
Another popular design used primarily for UHF reception is a reflective TV antenna. Such a device consists of a vertical metal shield with several dipole elements installed in front of it.
The TV broadcast bands that need to be covered by a single antenna are too wide in frequency, so either separate antennas or combined devices are used for the VHF and UHF bands. In such designs, there are two types of elements: long ones that catch the MV (they are located behind the antenna boom and often function as a log-periodic antenna) and short elements that catch the UHF broadcast (they are located in front of the boom).
When you listen to the radio, you notice that local channels can be easily tuned in to the FM or VHF range, but you won’t be able to catch distant foreign broadcasts on them, for this you need to switch the receiver to MW and HF modes.
This suggests that meter, medium and short waves are well transmitted over long distances, and ultrashort and decimeter signals have a small coverage area. However, the lack of the UHF range in which our digital television works is minimized due to two things:
- First, the presence of a large number of towers;
- Secondly, the ability of large objects to reflect the signal.
Antenna from beer cans
Terrestrial antenna devices can be created from many SIMple materials used in the home, even from regular soda cans. Such a mini-receiver will not be very powerful, but you can catch about 7 channels, and not only in the UHF range, but also in the longer one. MV.
There is one important condition: the cans must be flat, not ribbed, clean and dry. The essence of this design is very SIMple: you just need to solder 2 cans to the cable and arrange them on different sides on a wooden base.
The number of cans can be used differently, it is believed that it is optimal to create 3 or 4 lines of cans, since 1-2 lines pick up the signal weakly, and more than 5 lines are difficult to match. In addition to cans, you need to prepare the following materials:
- About 5 meters of an ordinary TV-cable marked “RK-75”;
- Wooden or plastic base structure;
- Several screws, electrical tape, and a soldering machine.
First you need to prepare a TV cable: step back 10 cm from the edge, make a shallow cut and remove the top layer of insulation. Twist the inner braided screen into a single bundle. On the same side of the cable, remove the plastic insulation and expose the center conductor. Connect the plug to the opposite end of the cable.
Next, we will need to connect the coaxial cable to the banks. To do this, it is better to use small self-tapping screws for drywall: screw the twisted cable braid to one jar, and a copper core to the second jar. For better contact, the connections can be soldered.
Now you should fix the cans on a wooden base plank. This can be done using ordinary scotch tape, electrical tape or glue gun, you can even use a regular clothes hanger or any flat improvised structure for this. The main thing is that the metal cans are of the same shape, of the same size (volume) and are located strictly on the same line. The distance between the tin elements, as well as the location of the antenna installation, is selected experimentally.
You can improve the design by creating a grid of several lines with banks, and if there is such an opportunity, then connect an amplifier. If a homemade antenna made of beer cans stands on the street, then its elements will have to be hidden in larger plastic bottles.
The next option for creating a SIMple television antenna of the decimeter range has its name from the shape of its design “eight” or “zigzag”. Such a device will reliably pick up a signal even in a remote village.
In order to make an outdoor antenna for digital television with your own hands, you will need:
- Amplifier (you can use any old one);
- 2 pieces of copper wire (180 cm each);
- Plate (wood or metal) 1515;
- TV cable;
- Antenna elevation iron mast.
First of all, we create the body of the trap: from copper wire we form two rhombuses with an optimal side size of 45 cm each. We attach the ends of the two elements to the plate: we form a ring from the core and slightly flatten it, fasten it with bolts or solder it with a soldering machine.
We connect the amplifier and insert the cable plug into the connector. In general, everything. It remains to install the finished structure on an elevated mast, which must be reliably dug into the ground.
For the manufacture of an outdoor antenna for a TV, any conductive material of the proper section is suitable: copper or aluminum tubes, strips or a profile element with a thickness of 1 to 5 mm. The main thing is to give the antenna body the correct shape.
Coaxial cable antenna
To create this version of the antenna, you will need about 0.5 m of the most common television cable marked “RK-75”. One end of the insulated wire must be stripped to connect to the TV socket (the F-connector and an adapter for connecting to the TV are put on), and on the second we will create a round antenna.
Step 5 cm from the edge and remove the top layer of the insulating impregnation compound. Then remove the winding from the central conductor of the cable and tightly twist the remaining wire strands into one bundle.
Further, step back 22 cm from the prepared end of the cable and strip off 2 cm of the outer insulation along with the shielded foil and braid, without affecting the insulation of the central core.
From this point measure the next 22 cm and cut the outer insulation down to the shielded foil. Now you need to connect the cable into a ring: for this, the first prepared end is firmly screwed to the just created cut. That’s all. you have in your hands a powerful do-it-yourself coaxial antenna.
Connect it to your TV and start channel tuning. Such an antenna is considered a good option for receiving digital television. It is better to install the antenna outside the window and from the side of the TV tower, since the walls of the building can drown out the desired signal. You can experiment with its position yourself.
Antenna from cans
Such an antenna will not constantly and reliably receive a signal, but it is quite possible to use it as a temporary measure. Beer cans work best. Now we will analyze in detail how to make an antenna for a TV from cans.
To make this antenna, you need to prepare the following:
- Two tin cans.
- Conventional TV cable at least 5 m long.
- Self-tapping screws.
- A mop or SIMilar base for attaching cans.
- Insulating tape, pliers, screwdriver and knife.
After preparing the materials, we proceed directly to the manufacture of the antenna:
- One end of the cable is stripped and a plug is connected to it.
- At the second end, 10 cm are measured and the insulation is cut.
- The braid is neatly detached and woven into a cord.
- Next, you need to remove the plastic layer 1 cm long, which insulates the central core of the cable.
- In each of the two cans, one screw is screwed into the center of the lid or the bottom of the can.
- A cable rod is attached to one of the screws, and a braided cord to the other. The screws tighten and clamp the fasteners on the cans.
- With the help of electrical tape, the cans are fixed on the mop, located on the sides on its horizontal bar. It is also possible to use a wooden hanger, which hangs in every house.
- The cable must also be attached to the vertical base of the squeegee.
- The plug is inserted into the TV.
- The last step will be to determine the best place for receiving the antenna and fix it in this place.
There are various instructions on how to make an antenna for a TV from four or more cans, but there was no clear improvement in the image due to the number of cans.
SIMple indoor antenna
First, we will consider a way to make an indoor antenna for a TV using the only material without which the antenna will not work. wire. The most ordinary wire (but not aluminum) is taken, cleaned and inserted into the TV on one side. The other side is SIMply attached to the radiator or heating pipe. The fact is that the heating system in each apartment goes to the very top of the house and can act as an amplifier. It is enough to connect a TV to it. But you don’t need to rely on stable signal reception. And more than five channels usually cannot be “caught” in this way.
How to make an antenna for a TV with your own hands?
Since the last century, humanity has begun to develop rapidly in technological areas, including in the means of communication. The transmission of information via the Internet, radio broadcasting and television today occupies a leading position in the ways of public interaction. But for many, television remains the SIMplest, most accessible and interesting means of obtaining information. Therefore, ensuring a high-quality and stable image on TV screens remains an urgent issue. To solve it, you can contact the sales points of household appliances, where a huge number of antenna models of various types are offered. Or you can make it yourself using the instructions in this article on how to make an antenna for a TV with your own hands.
Ordinary outdoor TV antenna
Now let’s move on from indoor antennas to external ones. Consider the SIMplest way, how to make an antenna for a TV outside the house yourself. The range of its work is within 30 km from the TV tower. You will need here:
- Two metal tubes approximately 40 cm long and 16 mm in diameter (on average). When making such an antenna, it is imperative to observe the homogeneity of each of the two tubes in terms of material, length, wall thickness and diameter.
- TV cable with the required length plus two meters for connection and sagging.
- Piece of PCB or getinax.
- Fasteners for pipes on a flat base (clamps or metal strips).
- A mast for attaching the antenna structure (can be a pipe, corner or wooden rail).
Let’s move on to assembling the antenna structure. Each of the tubes must be flattened on one side. With these sides, two tubes are placed on a piece of PCB or getinax opposite each other at a distance of 6-7 cm. The area of a piece of material is equal to the required area for reliable fastening of the tubes with clamps. A mast is attached to it.
Since it is possible to make an antenna for a TV that will work for more than one year only with the help of a high-quality connection, then the cable is soldered to the tubes. Up to 10 cm of cable insulation is removed, the braid is twisted and soldered to one end. The central core of the cable remains in plastic insulation. The latter is carefully cut to a distance sufficient for secure attachment to the tube and soldered.
The procedure for making such an antenna ends by attaching cable clamps to the base of the mast, choosing the best receiving location and fixing the antenna. The direction of the antenna can be seen from the neighbors.
Homemade zigzag antenna
The antenna invented by K.P. Kharchenko is respected by home craftsmen. in the form of a zigzag, back in 1961. At that time, her “parent” was far from using his antenna to receive a digital signal. But now it turns out that its design is perfect for this purpose. Here, using an example of such an invention, consider how to make a digital antenna for a TV. True, you will have to use a soldering iron.
Before making a homemade antenna of this kind for a TV, you will have to prepare some materials:
- Copper wire with a cross section from 3 to 5 mm.
- TV cable 3 to 5 m long.
- Soldering iron.
- Insulating tape.
- Plastic or plywood as base.
- Mounting bolts or screws.
Antenna manufacturing begins with a frame. You need to make two rhombuses that will be located in one line. Each side should be 13.5 cm long. To do this, you need a 110 cm piece of wire, which must be bent according to the specified parameters. After making the frame, 1 cm of free wire should remain, which is used to bend the loops in order to fasten the frame. This fastener is finally closed after soldering. As a result, the frame will look like two interconnected rhombuses.
The next step in the process of how to make an antenna for a TV at home is to attach the cable to the frame. Let’s start with the fact that at the junction of the rhombuses in the center of the frame, their corners should not touch, since it is to these corners that the cable rod and its screen will be attached. The rod is attached to the upper corner by wrapping and soldering. The screen is SIMilarly attached to the lower corner. The distance between the corners should be 2 cm.
The frame with the soldered cable is now attached to the base. It is better to put the antenna on a hill, after having painted it. Of course, the signal quality will drop slightly, but even without the paint, copper will still oxidize and a plaque will form. A painted antenna will be more protected from various weather conditions. Especially if a wooden plank is used as a base.
Varieties of antennas
Antennas are of various types and shapes. Below are the main types of antennas:
- receiving “wave channel”;
- “traveling wave” reception;
- in the form of frames;
It happens that no matter how competently and efficiently the home antenna is assembled, a good signal still cannot be received. In such cases, a signal amplifier is indispensable.
Amplifiers have a rather complex design, often inaccessible to ordinary people. It will take too much specific knowledge to make and select material. And the mistakes made will either not allow the device to work normally, or will completely disable it.
There remains the only way how to make an antenna amplifier for a TV, which can be used by a person without special skills. The design is as SIMple as possible, but it can amplify the signal. You just need to take a magnet and wrap it with a TV cable several times. This can be done near a TV or antenna. But given the fact that amplifier manufacturers usually provide for mounting them near the antenna, it is better to go this way too.
Antenna on the balcony
This is the next most affordable way to amplify the signal, but now with a balcony. In this case, the TV is connected to the drying strings on the balcony. With such an installation, usually the signal not only adds quality, but new channels may appear.
Zigzag antenna with screen installation
If, after making a zigzag antenna, it was not possible to achieve a good signal, it can be improved with a screen. It is installed just behind the antenna and away from the TV. In its capacity, you can use ordinary kitchen foil, fixed on a plate, the size of an antenna.
Also, this type of antenna can be equipped with additional sections of rhombuses on the sides. It is important to respect the size of their sides and perform in an even number.
How to set up a TV without an antenna
This process does not require special skills and time consuming. In any case, it’s easy to do, the only difference is in the features of each of the TV connection methods.
Setting up an IPTV with a wired network requires the first internet connection of the set-top box or TV. Then you need to go to Settings, select a network, and then auto-tuning starts. With a wireless contact, you will need to select a valid network, enter a password and connect.
To set up a decoder, you need to connect an HDMI cable to the TV, select a port, enter the set-top box menu and configure.
In modern conditions, it is quite easy to watch TV without an antenna or cable. The new options are of perfect quality, a huge selection of television channels and a lot of positive emotions from the traditional process of watching TV, so beloved by everyone and irreplaceable.
Greetings, dear readers! Today I would like to share with you my thoughts on wireless television. It is completely wireless. no antenna, cable or set-top box. Or is the prefix still possible? Here’s everything below with specific solutions I will tell you below.
How to watch TV without antenna and cable
In the previous paragraph, the question was resolved, in what ways can you watch TV without an antenna and cable. Now we start implementing.
Set-top box via Wi-Fi bridge
Agree, if you have to start a router home, then you don’t need to wire a wire to the console. If only the set-top box could be connected via Wi-Fi to the router. The trouble is that usually there is no Wi-Fi in interactive TV set-top boxes. But there is a common proven solution to build a Wi-Fi bridge.
A Wi-Fi bridge is two separate devices. One of them connects to the router, and the other to the TV set-top box itself. They are connected to each other via Wi-Fi. A universal way for any technology.
Most likely now there are other solutions, my task was to show more the very availability of the idea of organizing a house for such a bridge. after all, you can put one transmitter and several receivers.
Wireless is my thoughts
First, let’s chop off all the tails and define what can and cannot be considered wireless:
- Terrestrial TV. on the one hand, it is wireless on the street itself, but at home it requires laying an antenna, which is not always convenient and possible. You can, of course, place a portable home antenna near the TV. then it will be more convenient. Or you can think of a transmitter for an external antenna. But usually, people are looking for a wireless solution not for this type of TV.
- Cable TV. we are talking in its purest form about cable TV, which plugs into the antenna connector, and not into HDMI or tulips. This is also not easy to implement, unless the provider’s receiver is made wireless. But something like that doesn’t really develop.
- Satellite TV. and again you will need an entrance to the antenna, which means you can’t do without a wire. But some satellite TV receivers support Wi-Fi connection, which means you can do without wires. This type is already encountered often, you can decide. Example. Tricolor prefixes.
- Interactive TV and set-top boxes. in its pure form, the cable will still have to be brought into the apartment, but many are worried about the cable running to all rooms. And there are already cool solutions here, because this type of TV is one of the most developing in the apartments of ordinary people. There are media centers, Wi-Fi set-top boxes, and applications (but about applications separately).
- Smart TV Apps. Modern TV supports Wi-Fi and the installation of various apps. Some applications, like IPTV, are already bundled without any hassle. Those. if you have a paid plan, you can SIMply launch this application, enter your account details and watch TV without wires. The method is generally without wires, I myself used this.
And now a little more advanced information on ready-made solutions. If you have any additions. write them in the comments, I will definitely expand these sections. You can’t keep track of everything, you can’t write an ideal article for all time. Progress is inevitable.
How to catch channels without an antenna on a TV
Now the matter is small. It remains to find the necessary channels. IPTV already has a built-in list of TV channels. There is no need to search or configure anything. Using the instructions of the provider, you need to do the following:
- Enter username and password into the STB.
- Select the desired channel.
- Enjoy watching.
For owners of a digital tuner:
- Go to the menu. Select “Install”.
- Start automatic TV channel search.
After a SIMple search, there will be 30 channels in excellent quality and for free! The only drawback is that the channels are not added to Favorites and cannot be moved.
Can the TV work without an antenna?
Along with the prevailing stereotypes of using obsolete transmitting and receiving systems of analog TV, including analog television, almost nostaLGic memories of the quality of such television broadcasting with frequent interference, poor picture and sound, the need to regularly adjust the antenna, sometimes even knock on TV to correct broadcast quality.
However, not everyone is ready to pay for cable TV with a very limited number and an unsatisfactory set of channels. Given this, it is natural for many to want to avoid the need to use both of the above options. But is it possible to watch TV without an antenna?
Until relatively recently, this seemed incredible, because all the attributes of analog TV were ubiquitous and are often found to this day. Currently, these devices are rapidly losing their relevance.
Methods of viewing television in excellent quality alternative to analogue television have been introduced. There are such options:
- through the use of IPTV access;
- using a decoder;
- in TV channel applications in Smart TV.
To ensure massive viewing of interactive TV on the service market, there are a lot of providers that offer high-quality service, optimal subscription fees and a variety of TV channels that satisfy any requests from viewers.
If the available Internet speed is low, it is better to choose a decoder. To function, you need an antenna that connects to it. New generation TV models have built-in digital receivers, but in both cases it is impossible to do without an antenna device.
As a result, in fact, we are talking about the actual availability of 2 modern options for antennaless access to TV broadcasts:
- Via the Internet.
- Via digital tuner.
How to watch TV without antenna and cable
All of the above-mentioned alternative options for access to TV have their own characteristics, which will be presented in detail below.
To watch IPTV, you first need to choose a provider, register on the site, decide on a suitable package of TV channels, and then SIMply follow its instructions.
This option does not require the purchase of additional equipment if the TV is equipped with Smart TV. To use, you just need to connect an Internet cable or Wi-Fi adapter.
IPTV is available for viewing in the following ways:
- through the provider’s prefix;
- via Wi-Fi;
- using the app in Smart TV;
- through special applications.
The set-top box must be connected via a special input (HDMI1 / HDMI2) or switch to AV. After entering the login, password, autotune starts.
In Smart TV, you need to provide an Internet connection, wait for the application to load, then enter your username, password and start watching.
In any case, the connection will not cause difficulties, since providers, as a rule, are ready to independently provide the installation of such equipment or provide consulting support to users.
Even if you cannot drill the walls at all, there is a way out. All basic techniques boil down to the fact that in an apartment you just need to get Wi-Fi with the Internet. be it a router or a 4G modem. And then you can already look for options. So we try, we look specifically for our situation, share our opinions.
TV today, along with the Internet, is source of information. In addition to news, you can watch entertainment shows, TV series, sports and more. But many users do not want to buy an over-the-air antenna for such leisure. In the material, we will consider how to watch TV without an antenna.
Today it is a very convenient way. There is no need to buy additional equipment if the TV has a Smart TV. All you need to do is connect an Ethernet cable or Wi-Fi adapter. And start implementing
But first, choose a provider, register on the website, purchase a package with TV channels and follow the instructions.
IPTV you can watch:
- With a prefix provided by the provider.
- Having configured the router via a wireless connection.
- Smart TV app.
- Special applications.
If viewing is carried out through a set-top box, then the connection to the TV can be carried out via HDMI or “tulips”. On the TV, you need to select the correct input (HDMI 1, HDMI 2) or switch to AV.
Then follow the instructions of the prefix. In most cases, you need to enter the login and password from the provider’s website and the packages will be configured automatically.
When choosing an application in Smart TV, it is enough to first connect to the Internet (without it it is impossible to enter this service), download the application, enter a username and password. Enjoy watching. Such a SIMple principle.