How does TV set-top box work

How to set up a Smart set-top box to your TV

After making the connection, you need to enter the TV settings and activate the display of the image on the screen using HDMI. The menu allows you to specify the current date and time by setting the current time zone (check the “Use network time” item), and in the “Screen” tab you can select the resolution and refresh rate of the screen. The rest of the parameters are configured in a standard way, as in the OS for other devices. With the Android operating system, and there are most of such media players, in this regard it is easier to work, the configuration steps are not much different from working with a smartphone. A remote control is provided to interact with the device, but it is better to use a computer mouse for setting if the receiver’s interfaces allow it to be connected.

Setting up a Smart STB means connecting it to the network, especially since there are models that do not support offline applications. Access to the Internet can be organized using a wireless Wi-Fi network by connecting the receiver to a Wi-Fi router or, Ethernet, using a cable and a LAN connector, if such a possibility is provided by the design of the device. How to set up a Smart-set-top box in both cases, we will consider.


For different models of media players, the actions may differ slightly, but the principle remains the same:

  • We go to the set-top box menu, for example, using the corresponding button (“Menu”) on the control panel.
  • In the menu, we look for the section responsible for configuring the network, and turn on the wireless connection. You can activate the network by moving the toggle switch to the on position or by selecting the wireless connection using the buttons on the remote.
  • When available Wi-Fi networks appear, select the desired one, for example, moving the “up-down” and “left-right” buttons, press the connect button.
  • Now all that remains is to enter the password from the network (the process is very exciting when using the remote control, so if possible, it is better to use the mouse), then press the connect button.

Via Ethernet

Many device models support direct connection to the network, this option is more advantageous, since, unlike a wireless connection, it is more stable. You can connect the set-top box to a router via a local network using an RJ-45 cable.

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To carry out the procedure for connecting via Ethernet, do the following:

    Using a LAN cable, we connect the set-top box and the router.

does, set-top, work

The basic setup is complete, the Internet is connected and now you have to install applications, games, etc., if there is such a need, or enjoy watching content.

How to connect a Smart set-top box to a TV

For the functioning of the media player, it is necessary to ensure its connection to the TV, organizing communication not only between them, but also providing access to the network using a wired or wireless connection. Despite the large number of models, figuring out how to connect a Smart set-top box to a TV is not difficult, even a not too advanced user can handle this, the process is not complicated.

Typically, the device is connected to a TV set via HDMI, the connector is present in the arsenal of modern models, sometimes the set of the media player includes an HDMI-AV converter, in case it is connected to an older TV. The coaxial cable connected to the HDMI port has a high bandwidth and is capable of transmitting high-quality digital signals, which cannot be achieved when the video signal is transmitted over twisted pair. This fact must be taken into account in advance, even before buying a receiver.

The device is powered by an adapter connected to an outlet, or can be supplied from the TV itself when the Smart TV set-top box is connected to it via USB.

The procedure for connecting a Smart TV set-top box to a TV is as follows:

  • We de-energize both devices. We do not just turn off, but also remove the plugs from the sockets. If the set-top box is powered not from the mains, but from the TV receiver, turn off only its power.
  • There are not many options on how to connect the media player to the TV, it all depends on the intended design of the option. Or we take the HDMI cable and connect one end to the corresponding port on the receiver, and the other into the TV receiver connector, or connect via USB (port 2.0 or 3.0) using a USB cable. In the case of a TV stick, it’s still easier, we insert it into the TV port like a USB flash drive.

Connecting and configuring a Smart TV box

In recent years, TVs have seriously “smartened up” and expanded their potential, offering users, in addition to the basic function, a number of additional features. But given the immodest cost of models that support Smart TV technology, not everyone gets such a copy. It is several times cheaper to get smart functionality by purchasing a Smart set-top box in addition to an existing TV set. For a lower cost, it will allow you to upgrade your device, which does not have such privileges, and turn it into a home multimedia center.

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How a smart set-top box functions, as well as how to connect a device to a TV and set up, we will consider.

How Smart TV Box Works

To begin with, we will tell you what a media player is and what it is actually needed for. The Smart TV box provides TV in digital quality, and also offers a number of other interesting features. Why is it needed when you have an old TV set, which is not planned to be changed in the near future, and so it is clear. But what the device is for, if there is already a modern TV model available, which already supports the Smart TV function, the question is more relevant. Smart TV set-top box not only fulfills the main task, which is to provide TV broadcasts in modern high-quality HDTV, Full-HD and 4K formats, the fact is that it gives the user much more.

Media players provide access to the Internet, support applications and services, have their own operating system, processor, RAM and built-in memory. They are like computers, only sharpened for work in conjunction with a TV. Depending on the power of the device and its set of functions, you can enjoy an unlimited number of watching movies, TV series and other content from the network, write information into memory, conduct live broadcasts, play computer games, including resource-intensive ones, work with various applications and even communicate in social networks or messengers (Social-TV). So a Smart TV set-top box replaces several devices at once and can be used as a home theater when connecting speakers, a game console, as well as a tool for working with Internet resources. The capabilities of the receiver directly depend on the hardware filling and the built-in functionality.

Now let’s talk about how the Smart TV box works. The media player decodes the digital signal and displays the picture on the TV screen. The setting and operation of programs is carried out precisely on the set-top box, and the TV receiver is used only for supplying an image, by analogy with a computer monitor. In this case, the device can be connected not only to a TV, but also to a PC or laptop. Smart set-top boxes differ in both system, hardware capabilities, and the principle of operation. The design of the media player can also be different. These are miniature TV sticks or TV boxes that differ not only in appearance, but also in functionality:

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    A mini-set-top box in the form of a dongle (TV stick) is a simple miniature device resembling a USB flash drive with a USB or HDMI connector. Supporting the technology of connecting Smartphone to a TV receiver (Miracast, DLNA or AirPlay), this set-top box broadcasts content from a mobile device to the screen. The process is carried out through a program or by mirroring the screen.

Actions for media player problems

If during the procedure there are problems and the device does not want to connect to the network, freezes, slows down, reboots, etc., resetting to factory settings can help. This procedure erases the user’s files from memory, but the pre-installed applications and other data that are available on the Smart-Box by default will remain in place. There are two reset options for Android box, the first one implies the following actions:

  • We go to the settings of the media player, where we find the section “Restore and reset”. Some models allow you to back up before resetting, so application data, passwords, etc. will be saved.
  • Click “Reset settings”, mark whether to format the memory card or not, and click “Reset data”. The device will be turned off and after a while it will be restarted.
  • On the case of the device, you need to find the “Reset” or “Recovery” button (if there is none, the button is hidden in the AV-out and pressed with a match).
  • Press and hold the button, then disconnect the power cable from the media player, and, while continuing to hold the reset button, after a few seconds reconnect the power.
  • The screen should blink, signaling a reboot, after which we release the “Reset” button.
  • In the boot menu that appears, select Wipe Data Factory Reset and click “Ok”.
  • Now click Yes. Delete all User Data, agreeing with what is happening in the process of deleting user information.
  • After a few seconds, the main menu will appear, where we select the item Reboot system now.
  • After a few minutes, the system will reboot.

These actions will be effective in case of system errors on the device. After performing a factory reset, you will have to re-configure your Smart TV set-top box.